The Texas Industrial Areas Foundation organizations on the border (i.e. Valley Interfaith, EPISO and the Border Organization), with the sister organizations of the Texas IAF Network, put the issue of infrastructure for colonias on the public agenda in Texas and the nation in the 1980s and 1990s. Colonias are neighborhoods of homeowners in unincorporated areas that lack infrastructure — especially access to water and wastewater. Texas Industrial Areas Foundation Network leaders organized over two decades to build the political power to move governors, senators, elected officials and the voters of Texas to invest over $2 billion to bring water and wastewater and other infrastructure improvements to the colonias along the Texas-Mexico border.